. William Goffe and his father-in-law, Edward Whalley, had been military leaders in the English Civil War and had signed the death warrant
of Charles I. With the return of the monarchy a decade later, both men refused to
surrender and were exempted from pardon. They fled England for Boston, and in 1661
went to New Haven, where they camped out in a cave that summer. The pair settled in
Hadley, Mass., three years later (Isabel MacBeath Calder, The New Haven Colony,
New Haven, 1934, p. 221–226).